Programs & Projects
Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific (Phase 1)

Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific (Phase 1)

Programs & Projects
Management of valuable marine resources is one of the primary goals of the project

Management of valuable marine resources is one of the primary goals of the project

The regional technical assistance (TA) responds to concerns regarding management of coastal and marine resources raised by five Pacific developing member countries which lie within or border the Coral Triangle.

The TA was designed to assist Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Timor-Leste in implementing Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) objectives.

The purpose of the TA was to complete a design for a follow-on TA Phase 2 to strengthen management of coastal and marine resources in coral triangle countries to prevent environmental degradation and enhance sustainable livelihoods.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The project is consistent with Pacific Region Environmental Strategy and Pacific Regional Operational Business Plan.


The impact of the project is for the long-term conservation and sustainable management of coral reef ecosystems and marine and coastal resources that support livelihoods and environmental security.

Project Outcome

Stage One: Project design of the ADB-GEF Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific project, as agreed between the member countries, ADB and GEF.
Stage Two: Project implementation

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs
The following activities will be carried out during program formulation:

Activity 1: Prepare environmental and socioeconomic profiles of participating countries.

The profiles will be prepared to determine the following:

  • the environmental and socioeconomic characteristics of the countries and the coral triangle sub-region
  • common environmental issues and trends and the impact of socioeconomic activities on environmental degradation
  • gaps in information and data management systems/methods (including GIS mapping where it exists)
  • watershed conditions and their interface with marine and coastal habitats;
  • threats from land-based activities to coral reefs, near-shore habitats and associated fisheries
  • regional/national climate change impacts on coastal and marine resources
  • the issues, including above, that a strategy for strengthened coastal and marine resources management in the sub-region must address and activities that will best support above.

Activity 2:Assess laws, regulation and policies and institutional capacities. The legislation and policy assessment will review national policies and strategies, regulations and laws.

It will assess the relevance and appropriateness of these legislative and policy instruments to the major environmental issues and trends in the coral triangle sub-region as defined in Activity 1, and the effectiveness with which the policies and regulations are being implemented and enforced.

Gaps in legislation, regulations and policies will be identified and recommendations made. The planning and project management capacity of implementing government agencies (including national/provincial/local)- their mandate, budget, structure, administrative systems, number and skills of personnel, logistics, financial sustainability and support linkages- will be assessed, drawing on existing national capacity self-assessments where already undertaken.

The results of the assessment will indicate capabilities and shortfalls and will be drawn upon for likely interventions under stage two (implementation) of the RETA.

Activity 3: Formulate a four-year program. The aim is to draw stakeholder inputs and support for the program, especially government but also communities, non-government agencies, and private sector where appropriate.

In consultation meetings, the stakeholders, led by the GEF Focal point and lead environment counterpart agency for the RETA and involving the whole-of-government coordination mechanism in each country- will validate the results of Activities 1 and 2, identify the issues, define the sustainability indicators for the sub-region, and propose future courses of action.

The consultations will result in the following:

  • list of priority actions (with designated priority as assessed by stakeholders, especially government) to be carried out at the country level
  • coordination/info-sharing at the regional level, where appropriate.

Activity 4: Generate government support and forging partnerships for action. The proposed program will be submitted for review to the participating governments of the countries. Their representatives and ADB/ADB consultants will consult and agree on any needed revisions or adjustments in the program.

The program will be circulated to the CTI Secretariat, bilateral and multilateral development partners/agencies, NGOs and private sector groups for their suggestions and participation in program design and implementation.

Stakeholder Participation and Consultation

During Project Design

Consultations for the proposed TA took place during the GEF Pacific Alliance Strategy process which identified Coastal and Marine Resource Management as a priority.

Senior officials delegations from core CTI PMDCs PNG, the Solomon Islands, and Timor-Leste endorsed the CTI and committed to developing a CTI Plan of Action during a CTI SOM in Bali in December 2007.

The SOM also held consultations with the US and Australian governments, GEF, ADB and three international conservation NGOs (The National Conservancy, World Wide Fund, and Conservation International).

More Information:
Download the printer-friendly version of the ADB Coral Triangle Pacific Program (Phase 1) brief.

Responsible ADB Department
Pacific Department

Responsible ADB Divisions
Office of the Director General, PARD

Executing Agency
Asian Development Bank

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