Regional Cooperation in Knowledge Management, Policy, and Institutional Support to the Coral Triangle InitiativePrograms & Projects
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) Regional Technical Assistance for Regional Cooperation in Knowledge Management, Policy, and Institutional Support to the Coral Triangle Initiative (TA 7307-REG) is the first ADB support to the Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI).
The TA has four expected outputs:
- regional cooperation strengthened;
- regional learning mechanisms established;
- a communication and information dissemination plan implemented;
- sustainable financing schemes in support of the national plans of action established in the six countries in the Coral Triangle region (CT6), namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Solomon Islands, and Timor-Leste.
One of the major issues that the TA aimed to address is the lack of accessibility of information to decision makers for policy and decision making.
As the CT6 National Plans of Action are implemented, a wealth of knowledge (data, information, unique approaches to resource management, governance structures, networking, and training techniques) needs to be codified, organized, and eventually shared in a useful and understandable form.
At the regional inception workshop held at the ADB headquarters in Manila, Philippines on 26-27 April 2012, key stakeholder representatives, including major development partners of the CT6, and ADB agreed to narrow the focus of the TA to three focal areas (sustainable financing, environmental economics and payment for ecosystem services, and preparation of the State of the Coral Triangle Report), and to build and pilot-test a knowledge management system around the essential processes of knowledge capture and creation, storage and retrieval, sharing and dissemination, and use and enrichment in these three focus areas.
Moreover Australia, through the Australian Agency for International Development, offered additional funding to support data collection activities related to the economics of coastal fisheries and aquaculture in the three Pacific countries, including Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Timor-Leste, where data are relatively scarce and less robust than in the Southeast Asian countries of the CT.
The research work would collect/collate information through focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and short surveys, on the economics of fisheries and aquaculture.
The study would include profiling of the fisheries sector in the three countries in terms of production, trade, contribution to employment, etc., and discussion of governance instruments, specifically those that are in place to manage the fisheries.
The study in the three countries would be conducted with a view to influencing policy and helping build institutional capacity through information sharing and knowledge management.
In mid-2011, the Australia announced a fresh package of assistance to the Pacific CTI countries, including a grant to the WorldFishCenter in the Solomon Islands for the conduct of a study to evaluate coral exports, including a comparison of retained benefits and costs associated with wild harvest concerning farming of corals.
The study, which was cofinanced by ADB, reviewed previous attempts to analyze value chains of coral exports with an additional focus on environmental costs and notions of non-use and indirect values.
The relevance of this study lies in the generation of data that will guide investment planning, specifically site selection and characterization of fisher communities (household size, density, current and potential incomes from fishing/fish farming and other livelihood sources, fishing practices, dependence on fisheries resources, and current fish consumption patterns).
Although the live reef fish trade generates millions of dollars in export revenues for the CT6, it is necessary to undertake an assessment of the trickle-down effects of pricing and how price nuances may, in fact, hasten the exploitation (or overexploitation) of live reef fish resources.
The framework for this study was provided by the interconnections and relationships between fishery resources and their dominant use in the Coral Triangle.
Coastal habitats and ocean health help sustain a diverse and highly productive fishery system in the Coral Triangle.
These wild resources are heavily exploited by most of the CT6. Bycatch and wastes from capture fisheries are also used to as feeds in aquaculture farms.
The general approach taken in preparing this report was to first highlight the features of the Coral Triangle, covering basic socioeconomic parameters, production, and trade in fisheries and aquaculture commodities.
Responsible ADB Officer
Responsible ADB Department
Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Divisions
Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Asian Development Bank